Chocolate Easter eggs have been around a while- in fact as long as the early 19th century where it was fashionable to receive them in France and Germany. This doesn’t mean Easter eggs didn’t exist beforehand- the Victorians gave ornate paper eggs and painted chicken or duck eggs as Easter gifts.
Advances in chocolate moulding in the 1800s led to candymaker J.S. Fry (famous for Fry’s Turkish Delight which is still going strong) to make a chocolate egg in 1873. Competitor John Cadbury followed suit in 1875 with other candy manufacturers such as Mars following suit over the next 20 years. The specific flavour and texture of the Cadbury’s egg comes from the way the cocoa is separated from the bean to make ‘pure cocoa’. In 1866 Cadbury’s was able to offer the world the very first ‘pure cocoa’, extracted by using a special press invented in Holland back in 1828.
Cadbury’s Creme Eggs courtesy haribokey
John Cadbury actually started out on a little grocery store in 1824 in Birmingham, preparing and selling drinking chocolate and cocoa. The business grew and he moved to open a commercial site in 1831, now manufacturing 16 types of cocoa in powder and cake form. But the ‘pure cocoa’ which was named Cadbury Cocoa Essence, help skyrocket Cadbury’s into the household name it would become.To make it, cocoa butter had to be separated from the cocoa bean which left a lot of butter left over. The solution for getting rid of it? Make chocolate bars- smooth, delicious chocolate bars. Production stepped up; milk chocolate was added to the line in 1897 and Dairy Milk chocolate in 1905 which a higher milk content than anything else being sold. Chocolate production was moved to a new factory in Bournville (which Bournville chocolate is named after) in 1908 and in 1919 J.S. Fry merged with Cadbury’s, bringing their own chocolate products which were still produced and marketed separately under the Fry’s name.
So back to those eggs. Handmade until as late as 1955 when automatic egg machines came into use, the original chocolate eggs put out by Cadbury’s were of dark chocolate and filled with sugar dragees and later decorated with candy and marzipan floral designs. By 1893 Cadbury was putting out 19 different types of eggs but after the 1905 advent of Dairy Milk made chocolate egg sales skyrocket and cement them into the public consciousness as a specialty item, other novelty items hit the shelves. Cardboard egg-shaped boxes filled with small chocolates were aimed toward the adult market and smaller plastic eggs for the kiddies up until the 1950s. Fry’s was still producing their own eggs as novelty items and these could be even found attached to gift items like jewelry or other items.
Filled Easter eggs have manufactured since 1923 both by Cadbury’s and Fry’s filled with different filling such as chocolate or Turkish Delight. But the egg we know and love today debuted in 1971 and can owe its popularity worldwide to then-relatively new television advertising. Today approximately 500 million eggs are made yearly.
Cadbury Creme Eggs are so popular they’ve come in plenty of flavours around the world as well as other products based on them:
Border Creme Eggs (chocolate-filled, originally Fry’s Border Creme Eggs)
Mini Creme Eggs (UK/US)
Caramel Eggs (UK/US)
Caramilk Eggs (Canada, New Zealand)
Mini Caramel Eggs (UK/US)
Chocolate Creme (UK/US)
Orange Creme Eggs (UK)
Screme Eggs (UK)
Bat Eggs (Canada)
Creme Egg Splats (UK)
Peppermint Egg (New Zealand)
Berry Creme Eggs (Australia)
Mint Creme Eggs (UK)
Creme Egg Twisted (UK/ Ireland, Australia, Canada)
Marble egg (New Zealand)
Jaffa Egg (New Zealand)
Dream Eggs (white choc- New Zealand)
Mad About Chocolate Egg (Australia, New Zealand)
Giant Creme Eggs (North America)
Dairy Milk/Creme Egg candy bars
Creme Egg Fondant
Creme Egg Ice Cream
Creme Egg McFlurry (Uk/Ireland, Canada)
Holiday Ornament Creme Egg
Cadbury Vintage Easter Candy Slogans